Diabetes mellitus which is commonly known as diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by a high blood sugar level over a prolonged period of time. Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced.
Symptoms Of Diabetes
- Frequent urination
- Increased thirst
- Increased appetite
- Blurred vision
If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications such as
Acute complications which includes
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Hyperglycemic state
Serious long-term complications which includes
- Cardiovascular disease
- Chronic kidney disease
- Foot ulcers
- Damage to the nerves
- Damage to the eyes
- Cognitive impairment
THERE ARE THREE MAIN TYPES OF DIABETES
- Type 1 diabetes results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin due to loss of beta cells. This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.The loss of beta cells is caused by an autoimmune response. The cause of this autoimmune response is unknown.
- Type 2 diabetes begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses, a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”. The most common cause is a combination of excessive body weight and insufficient exercise.
- Gestational diabetes is the third main form, and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.
MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT OF DIABETES
- Type 1 diabetes must be managed with insulin injections,
- Type 2 diabetes may be treated with medications such as insulin sensitizers with or without insulin. Control of blood pressure and maintaining proper foot and eye care are important for people with the disease. Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugar. Weight loss surgery in those with obesity is sometimes an effective measure in those with type 2 diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the birth of the baby.
The main goal of diabetes management is, as far as possible, to restore Carbohydrate metabolism to a normal state. To achieve this goal, individuals with an absolute deficiency of insulin require insulin replacement therapy, which is given through injections or an insulin pump.
Insulin resistance, in contrast, can be corrected by dietary modifications and exercise. Other goals of diabetes management are to prevent or treat the many complications that can result from the disease itself and from its treatment.
10 Ways To Prevent Diabetes.
- Manage your weight
- Exercise regularly
- Limit takeaway and processed foods
- Eat a balanced, healthy diet
- Quit smoking
- Drink Water as Your Primary Beverage
- Limit your alcohol intake
- Control your blood pressure
- Cut Sugar and Refined Carbs From Your Diet
- See your doctor for regular check-ups
Foods that may help prevent diabetes
- Plain Yogurt
- Garbanzo Beans
Foods to Avoid With Diabetes
- Sugar-Sweetened Beverages. Sugary beverages are the worst drink choice for someone with diabetes.
- Trans Fats
- White Bread, Pasta and Rice
- Fruit-Flavored Yogurt
- Sweetened Breakfast Cereals
- Flavored Coffee Drinks
- Honey, Agave Nectar and Maple Syrup
- Dried Fruits
What should diabetics eat for breakfast?
- Breakfast Shake
- Muffin Parfait
- Whole-Grain Cereal
- Scrambled Eggs and Toast
- Breakfast Burrito
- Bagel Thins With Nut Butter
- Almonds and Fruit
What is a good lunch for a diabetic?
- canned tuna, salmon or sardines
- low-salt deli meats, such as turkey and chicken
- hard-boiled eggs
- salads with a side dressing
- low-salt soups and chili
- whole fruit, such as apples and berries
- cottage cheese
- plain, unsweetened Greek yogurt
Whats a good dinner for a diabetic?
- Beef and Bean Chile Verde
- Turkey Sausage and Arugula Pasta
- Chicken and White Bean Soup
- Mushroom Risotto
- Healthified Chicken Curry with Couscous
- Oven-Fried Parmesan Chicken
- Healthified Sesame Beef and Green Beans
Can diabetes go away?
Although there’s no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it’s possible for some people to reverse it. Through diet changes and weight loss, you may be able to reach and hold normal blood sugar levels without medication. This doesn’t mean you’re completely cured. Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease.
Author & Founder Healthfitness102